Synthèse de l’atelier: Maladies animales transfrontalières et accès aux marchés : l’avenir du secteur du boeuf en Afrique australe

(English version / en Anglais) Coopération, innovation et diversification sont les clés du succès futur du secteur de la viande rouge en Afrique australe. Tel est le message ayant émergé à l’issue de l’atelier « Maladies animales transfrontalières et accès aux marchés : l’avenir du secteur du boeuf en Afrique australe », qui s’est tenu…

‘It is our dirty little secret’: An ethnographic study of the flying toilets in Kibera slums, Nairobi

Using the case study of the Kibera slums, this paper takes a medical anthropological approach to discuss and explain the untold and common practice among the urban poor in developing countries that is informally known as the ‘Flying Toilets’. This paper seeks to inform those working within the public health sector about such practices, but…

Test, test and test again: accumulating knowledge for vaccine development

Some vaccines are developed at lightning speed. Other, potentially useful, vaccines do not see the light of day. Understanding why this happens may help identify new policies aimed at a more sustainable vaccine development process. This briefing looks at the accumulation of technological knowledge in vaccine innovation and offers an alternative focus for policy attention….

One World, One Health? Learning from the International Response to Avian Influenza

In 1997, 18 people were infected with the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, H5N1. Six died, and since then a further 245 deaths have been reported. The virus has spread across most of Asia and Europe, with regular outbreaks in poultry. In some countries – Indonesia, China, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Nigeria and Egypt – the disease…

Beyond Scaling Up: Pathways to Universal Access to Health Services

Abstracts go here

The Dynamics and Sustainability of Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS): Mapping Challenges and Pathways

Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) represents a radical alternative to conventional top-down approaches to sanitation and offers hope of achieving the Millennium Development Goals. In contrast to state-led initiatives to improve sanitation that tend to focus on hardware and subsidies, CLTS emphasises community action and behaviour change as the most important elements to better sanitation. CLTS…

Science and Technology for Health: Towards Universal Access in a Changing World

Most anti-colonial movements in the second half of the 20th Century promised to provide universal access to health services. The Alma Ata Declaration of 1978 presented a consensus view of how governments could deliver on this promise. During the next thirty years, people experienced dramatic health improvements in some countries or districts, but they continued…

The Political Economy of Avian Influenza Response and Control in Vietnam

As a country suffering from large-scale AI outbreaks and receiving considerable international support, Vietnam provides a crucial case not to be missed in any analysis of the global AI crisis. Vietnam is also interesting because of two paradoxes in her response to AI. Despite being poor, Vietnam selected the most expensive approach (comprehensive vaccination) to…

The Political Economy of Avian Influenza in Thailand

Thailand is centrally located relative to the Avian Influenza epidemic and her response to the disease has important implications for disease control efforts both regionally and globally. A middle income country with a large and economically significant export oriented poultry sector, Thailand has made protection of the broiler industry and preservation of international market access…

The Political Economy of Avian Influenza in Indonesia

Why is the response to H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) so challenged in Indonesia? Why did the virus spread so fast, and why has the disease persisted? Are there features of the country and its culture that encourage or inhibit the disease? Is the internationally led response appropriately sensitive to local contexts? This paper…