The ’Fourth World Conference on Women: Action for Equality, Development and Peace’ took place September 4-15, 1995 in Beijing, China. The resulting documents of the Conference are The Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action, an agenda for women’s empowerment.
Appleton, H. (ed) (1995) Do It Herself: Women and Technical Innovation, London: IT Publications.
Although women are the majority of small-scale technology users, their technical knowledge and understanding has largely been overlooked. This book tries to address that gap by investigating the contributions of women to technical innovation at a grassroots level, using 22 case studies of technical innovation by women in 16 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
“In 1995, and at the request of the Chinese government, Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) assembled a team of experts to assess the reforms to China’s S&T sector — reforms that began in 1985 as an initiative of the State Science and Technology Commission (SSTC) of China. A Decade of Reform presents the findings of this ground-breaking mission, the first-ever external examination of societal reform in China.” (IDRC website)
This book is the result of an investigation by the Working Group on Information Technology and Development of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development, from 1995 to 1997, into the risks and benefits of ICTs in the developing world.
Development as Freedom, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1999; Worldwide publishers: Cappelen Forlag (Norway); Carl Hanser Verlag (Germany); China People’s University Press (China); Companhia Das Letras (Brazil); Dost Publishers (Turkey); Editions Odile Jacob (France); Editorial Planeta (Spain); Europa Publishers (Hungary); Kastaniotis Editions (Greece); Mondadori Editore (Italy); Nihon Keizei Shimbun (Japan); Oxford University Press (India); Oxford University Press (UK); Prophet Press (Taiwan); Sejong Publishers (Korea); Utigeverij Contact (Holland); Zysk I Ska Publishers (Poland) and Dudaj Publishing (Albanian).
The World Conference on Science, held in Budapest, Hungary from 26th June to 1st July, 1999, was the first global conference on science and society in almost 20 years. The Conference sought to provide a forum for debate by the scientific community and society – including governments, business, NGOs and the general public – to address the opportunities and related ethical dilemmas that scientific developments present, and also the means of increasing social commitment to, and from, science. There was significant attention to the themes of gender and traditional knowledge in the context of science and development, but very little attention to technology and innovation directly. (Oldham, pers. comm.)
Making north-south research networks work: A contribution to the work on A Common Vision for the Future of Science and Technology for Development by the United Nations Commission for Science and Technology for Development (UNCSTD)
United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development Panel on Technology for Basic Needs.
This book analyzes the role of science & technology in the fight against poverty & the achievement of sustainable & equitable human development, exploring the questions: Does science and technology (S&T) truly have a part to play in meeting basic human needs? Can S&T help the world’s communities secure adequate nutrition, health care, water, sanitary facilities, and access to education and information?
“Out of the discussions surrounding a 1992 symposium on the role of research in transforming South Africa, the democratic movement requested that IDRC support a mission on science and technology (S&T) policy. The Mission on Science and Technology Policy for a Democratic South Africa was seen as a first step in promoting a national debate on this long-neglected issue. Its July 1993 report provides an insightful review of existing S&T policy in South Africa and the institutions involved in its development. This volume presents the Mission’s original report, together with a foreword by Nelson Mandela and a new, in-depth, and critical assessment of the Mission’s work and its impact on the S&T policy debate in South Africa.” (IDRC website)
The 8th International Conference of the Gender and Science and Technology Association (GASAT 8) was held in Ahmedabad, India, on January 5-10, 1996.