x close

Indicators and metrics for monitoring '3D’ innovation

The limitations of conventional science, technology and innovation indicators for measuring informal/grassroots/organisational innovation are well-recognised, and there are already encouraging attempts to develop innovation metrics that are applicable in more diverse contexts. In addition, a burgeoning number of indicators are emerging that aim to capture various components of 'development’ (including poverty alleviation and empowerment) and environmental sustainability. Challenges remain in building upon these efforts to characterise and monitor '3D’ innovation. Transparently communicating these and other data related to different 'directions’ of innovation (however these may be characterised) is a vital first step in the ongoing process of democratising innovation.

Resources on this CD

  1. 'R&D Data' Arond, E. and Bell, M. (2010) Trends in the Global Distribution of R&D since the 1970s: Data, their Interpretation and Limitations, STEPS Working Paper, Brighton: STEPS Centre

Additional online resources

(Internet connection required)
  1. UN Division for Sustainable Development - publishes Sustainability Indicators
  2. Gapminder
  3. Stirling, A. A General Framework for Analysing Diversity in Science, Technology and Society, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 4(15), 707-719, August 2007
  4. Global science report by the Royal Society
  5. Innovation Index by NESTA (National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts), UK
  6. Bogota manual (Standardisation of Indicators of Technological Innovation in Latin American and Caribbean Countries)
  7. World Bank Open Data Initiative
  8. African Science and Technology Indicators Initiative
  9. The African Statistical Journal, Volume 6, May 2008, 141-162: includes relevant papers by Gault, F., Kahn, M. and Ellis, S.

We welcome examples of innovation for development.
Email us at steps-centre@ids.ac.uk